HR News Articles

Australian companies should cultivate local tech workers not play the 457 visa game

File 20171108 6747 ckkwoo.jpg?ixlib=rb 1.1

Mike Cannon-Brookes (centre), and Scott Farquhar (3rd L), co-founders and CEOs of Atlassian Software Systems, smile during its successful entry into the Nasdaq in New York.David Glance, University of Western Australia

There is a degree of mythology in the tech world surrounding people who have worked in Silicon Valley.


As the birthplace of computing and tech giants like HP, Apple and Google, there is a view that the best developers come from companies located there even though 90% of software developers in the US actually work elsewhere.


According to Australian-made but internationally renowned tech company Atlassian, the skills it needs can only be found from deep in the heart of the Silicon Valley - and not in Australia.




Read more: Australian government axes 457 work visa: experts react




Atlassian co-founders Scott Farquhar and Mike Cannon-Brookes have argued that Australia needs to keep schemes like the 457 visa to enable companies like theirs to bring workers from the United States because they can’t find them locally.


The irony of this is that the founders were reportedly University of New South Wales dropouts. Neither finished a degree before founding a company that is today worth nearly US$12 billion (A$15.62 billion). And they achieved all of this in Australia with no previous tech experience.


Atlassian’s staff preference


About 250 of Atlassian’s 1,000 employees in Australia are on 457 temporary migration visas. The justification for this has been that it is easier to get senior staff with 10 years’ experience from Silicon Valley than it is to find them locally, or train them from existing domestic staff.


If indeed all of the 457 visa staff are senior members of Atlassian, it would represent a very high ratio of senior to junior staff.


From the company’s short-term perspective, it is obviously better to hire experience that somebody else has invested the money to develop - rather than spend that time, effort and money themselves.


All of the jobs advertised currently by Atlassian are for “senior” staff. There are currently no advertised positions for graduates on the Atlassian site in Australia.


From Australia’s employment market perspective, such preferencing denies graduates and entry-level workers the opportunity to get started in the workforce and to develop those skills and experience domestically rather than abroad.


Graduates face employment barriers


The challenges for graduates entering the local workforce are highlighted by the Australian Department of Employment, which has reported that for IT graduates, full-time employment has become harder to find than it was in 2008.


One of the factors that the Department blames for this is the “increasing reliance on the use of 457 visa holders by businesses”. An example of this is the NSW government, which was accused of bringing in Indian IT workers as part of its outsourcing service ServiceFirst that provides human resources and payroll services.




Read more: The startup employment dream – the pros and cons




The perceived, and real, prospects for IT graduate employment have driven a massive drop in enrolments in IT degrees from a peak in 2002. The run up to 2000 was the time of the Dot-com Bubble where the rapid rise and success of tech firms, even in Australia, was being highly publicised.


When that bubble burst, it left a supply of graduates that have been absorbed into the market with a rapid decrease in interest in pursuing careers in the IT sector.


IT degree completions for domestic students in Australia are about 60% of the levels of their peak in 2003 and are increasing only slowly.


457 threat overstated?


The threat posed by government changes to the 457 visa system have been largely overblown.


IT-related jobs are still covered by the 457 visa’s replacement, the Temporary Skills Shortage (TSS) visa. The changes are unlikely to have any impact on the employment of IT staff for companies in Australia, including tech firms like Atlassian.




Read more: Politics podcast: Jenny Lambert on the 457 visa scrapping




The comments from tech firms when there are any threatened changes to this system can reflect their own self interest in satisfying their business priorities in getting talent as easily as possible.


These companies’ social concerns for the development of the local workforce are often secondary to their interest in maximising profits. This in part comes down to the concerns of shareholders who, in Atlassian’s case, are based in the US as it is a US-listed company.


Fostering local talent


Companies like Atlassian and other tech firms that operate in Australia could be doing far more to develop experience in the local workforce by scaling up their efforts to offer internships and graduate entry programs from Australian universities.


This is standard practice in other industries but this approach has not been adopted by the tech companies. Instead, tech companies largely rely on graduates applying directly to them for jobs.


Universities teaching computer science and software engineering normally take guidance from industry to shape the content of the curriculum. Usually, the computer languages and technologies taught follow the requirements of the companies that engage with these programmes.


By not engaging with universities across Australia, tech companies like Atlassian are potentially missing out on graduates being trained to meet their needs. The energy being expended on defending the need for temporary skilled worker visas would be better spent on cultivating and providing opportunities for the workforce available on their doorstep.


The Conversation*A representative from Atlassian has pointed out that contrary to the report in the Sydney Morning Herald cited in this article, both Mike Cannon-Brookes and Scott Farquhar graduated from the University of New South Wales with degrees in Information Systems.


David Glance, Director of UWA Centre for Software Practice, University of Western Australia


This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.

Jobs Just For You, The HR Professional

Our weekly or daily email bulletins are guaranteed to contain only fresh employment opportunities


More info

Latest Jobs

HR Coordinator - contract 3-4 weeks
Victoria

HR Officer - contract
Western Australia

HR Analyst
New South Wales

Human Resources Advisor
New South Wales

Workday Project Manager - Contract
New South Wales

Talent Acquisition Business Partner, global law firm (12 month MTC)
New South Wales

Talent Attraction Resourcer
Queensland

HR Business Partner - Contract
Victoria

HR Generalist - Contract
Queensland

Employee Relations Advisor - Contract
Victoria

HR Business Partner - Contract & Permanent
Victoria

Internal Recruiter - Contract
New South Wales

HR Administrator/ Coordinator - Contract
New South Wales

Team Leader, Staffing
Victoria

Tech Recruiter - Contract
New South Wales

Talent Acquisition Specialist
Victoria

HR Advisor - Contract
New South Wales

HR Advisor
New South Wales

HR Advisor - Permanent Role
New South Wales

Instructional Designer | Captivate 7 and 9
New South Wales

Compensation and Benefits Senior Advisor
Victoria

HR Operations Manager APAC
Victoria

Recruitment Consultant - Contract
New South Wales

People and Culture Manager - 12 mth Contract
Queensland

Recruitment Coordinator - 1 yr Contract
New South Wales

People & Culture Advisor - 12 Month FTC - Contract
Victoria

HR Change Consultant - Contract
Victoria

HR Advisor - Contract
Victoria

Recruitment Advisor - Contract
New South Wales

HR Business Partner - Contract
South Australia

Recruiter - Contract
New South Wales

Recruitment Specialist - Contract
Victoria

HR Analyst - Rem&Ben
New South Wales

Recruitment Advisor - Contract
Victoria

Recruitment Officer
New South Wales

Internal Recruiter
New South Wales

HR Business Partner
New South Wales

HR Advisor
New South Wales

HR business partner
New South Wales

Recruiter - internal
New South Wales

IR/ER Consultant
Northern Territory

HR Officer - Contract
Northern Territory

HR Manager
New South Wales

HR Manager
Victoria

Senior HR Officer - Contract
New South Wales

L&D Coordinator - Contract
Victoria

Learning and Development Officer
New South Wales

Human Resources Coordinator
New South Wales

HR Advisor - Contract
Queensland

HR Manager
New South Wales

Internal Recruiter - Contract
New South Wales

People & Culture Advisor
Queensland

Recruitment Advisor - Contract
Western Australia

HRIS Project Coordinator - Contract
Queensland

HR Administrator - Contract
Queensland

HR Business Partner
New South Wales

Recruitment Administrator/On-boarding Officer - Contract
Queensland

HR Business Partner
Queensland

Talent Acquisition Consultant
Victoria

Senior HR Officer - Contract
Western Australia

L&D coordinator - Contract
New South Wales

Internal Recruiter
New South Wales

HR Advisor
Queensland

Experienced Scribes - Canberra - Contract
Australian Capital Territory

Change Manager - Contract
New South Wales

Talent Acquisition Specialist
New South Wales

Senior HR Advisor - Contract
Queensland

HR Coordinator - 12 mth Contract
New South Wales

Recruitment Advisor - Contract
Victoria

Director of Human Resources - Contract
Victoria

HR Business Partner - 3 month contract
Queensland

Learning & Development Advisor - Contract
New South Wales

Recruitment Consultant - Contract
New South Wales

HR Officer
New South Wales

Senior Planning & Resources Coordinator - fixed term
Victoria

TA Specialist - Contract
New South Wales

HR Business Partner
Victoria

HR Business Partner - 6 Month Contract
New South Wales

Workforce Planner - Contract
New South Wales

HR Operations Leader
Queensland

Browse All Jobs